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Alcohol and its side effects

Alcohol and its side effects– Great Eastern Life

Amongst drugs, alcohol is classified as a depressant, along with barbiturates, tranquilisers and anaesthetics, and it depresses the central nervous systems. It is not a stimulant, although its effects are biphasic. It acts as a stimulant in low doses but as concentrations in blood stream increase, the stimulation gives way to sedation, stupor, coma and even death.

Know your glass of alcohol
The calories in an average glass of alcohol are equivalent to that of a large potato, but unlike other food, alcohol has zero nutritional value and is not digestible. While other foods are converted and transported to cells and tissues, alcohol attacks the brain – a vital organ that is high in water content – making it vulnerable to a decline in self-control.

The first effect of alcohol "stimulation" – dependent on what, how much, and how fast a person drinks – slows down brain activity, which results in slurred speech, hazy thinking, slowed reaction time, dulled hearing, impaired visions, weakened muscles and fogged memory.

11 deadly reasons why you should quit
Organs such as the brain, liver, heart, pancreas, lungs, kidneys, and tissue systems in your body are infiltrated by alcohol after it has been passed into the blood stream. Within minutes, intoxication occurs and thus, affects emotional and sensory functions such as judgment, memory and learning abilities.

Over time, high levels of alcohol consumption or binge drinking can cause far more serious diseases such as liver, throat or mouth cancer, type 2 diabetes, heart problems, depression, and anaemia.

Other harmful effects include:

  1. Irritation of the stomach lining to produce a sticky mucous that delays absorption.
  2. Creation of imbalances, leading to diseases such as hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar), hyperuricemia (arthritis or gout), hepatitis or cirrhosis (fatty liver, and hyperlipemia (build-up of fats in the bloodstream).
  3. Clumping of red blood cells, causing the small blood vessels to plug up, starve the tissues of oxygen, and cause cell death. This increase in pressure breaks capillaries, and results in red eyes in the morning or the red, blotchy skin seen on a heavy drinker's face.
  4. Breakage of blood vessels in the stomach and oesophagus, leading to haemorrhage or even death.
  5. A result in cardiomyopathy (sluggish heart) and arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat).
  6. Slowing down of the brain, affecting the body's responses.

Living and coping with alcoholism
Understanding one's own special nutritional needs and diet are an important aspect of recovery from excessive alcohol abuse. Besides knowing what is good for you and your body, it is also wise to follow these 4 simple tips to curb your drinking problems.

Tip 1: Stock up on your Vitamins
Vitamins A, B, C and E supplements are helpful for people with drinking problems.

Tip 2: Protein and Carbohydrates Diet
A diet high in protein not only reduces alcohol cravings and prevents the blood sugar from rapid changes, it also maintain emotional balance for alcoholics wanting to recover from their past heavy drinking. Likewise, a diet high in complex carbohydrates stabilises blood glucose and reduces the low blood sugar state that can lead to craving of alcohol.

Tip 3: Learn from the Experts
The recommended amount of alcohol consumption should not be more than three to four units a day – equivalent to about a pint and a half of ordinary strength beer, or a couple of small glasses of wine.

Tip 4: Medication does not go well with Alcohol
Medication of any kind, especially tranquilizers, should never be consumed with alcohol, unless as prescribed by a physician who is fully aware of the alcohol use history.

Myths and Facts about Alcohol

  1. It is a myth that beer goes straight to your stomach. However, alcohol, especially beer and cider served in a pint, are packed with calories equivalent to that of a chocolate bar.
  2. The limit of alcohol prescribed for men and women is different. Nevertheless, women still appear to be at greater risk of liver damage at lower quantities of alcohol. In general, women have lower levels of an enzyme known as alcohol dehydrogenase, found in the stomach lining. This enzyme breaks down alcohol before it is absorbed and decreases the concentration of alcohol that reaches the blood stream.

Generally speaking, there is nothing very positive and favourable about alcohol consumption. The side effects of alcoholism are both pervasive and destructive. It is unwise to neglect the facts of how chronic alcoholism can affect you and your loved ones.


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Great Eastern Life Indonesia & Great Eastern General Indonesia terdaftar dan diawasi oleh Otoritas Jasa Keuangan
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